A learning disability is a problem that affects how a person receives and processes information. People with learning disabilities may have trouble with any of the following:
However, for some students, even hard work may not be enough.
Some students are faced with additional challenges in the classroom due to learning disabilities. A learning disability is a disorder that inhibits the ability to process and retain information.
Because there are numerous mental processes that affect learning, learning disabilities can vary dramatically. Here are five of the most common learning disabilities in classrooms today.
Dyslexia Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability. There are a variety of ways in which this disability can be manifested. Some people struggle with phonemic awareness, which means they fail to recognize the way words break down according to sound.
Similar problems can occur with phonological processing, wherein students cannot distinguish between similar word sounds. Other issues relate generally to fluency, spelling, comprehension and more.
Students may experience one reading issue or multiple issues when struggling with dyslexia. While there is some debate as to whether or not ADHD is a learning disability in the most technical sense, there is no doubt that it is a common learning impediment. Students who have ADHD have difficulty paying attention and staying on task.
These students can be easily distracted and often have difficulty in traditional school settings. Unlike typical learning disabilities, which need instructional interventions, ADHD can be successfully treated with medications and behavioral therapies.
Dyscalculia Math is another major area of concern when it comes to learning disabilities. Dyscalculia can range from an inability to order numbers correctly and extend to limited strategies for problem solving.
Students with math disorders may have trouble performing basic math calculations, or they may have difficulty with concepts like time, measurement or estimation. Dysgraphia While reading disabilities receive the most attention, writing disabilities can be equally difficult to overcome.
These disabilities are known as dysgraphia. Dysgraphia can be related to the physical act of writing. These students often cannot hold a pencil correctly, and their posture may be tense while trying to write. This leads them to tire easily, causing discouragement that further inhibits progress.
Dysgraphia can also refer to difficulty with written expression. With this type of disability, students have trouble organizing their thoughts coherently.
Their writing may be redundant or have obvious omissions that affect the quality and readability of the text. Dysgraphia may also cause students to struggle with basic sentence structure and grammatical awareness.
Processing Deficits Learning disabilities are also connected to processing deficits. When students have a processing deficit, they have trouble making sense of sensory data. This makes it hard for students to perform in a traditional classroom without instructional supports.
These deficits are most often auditory or visual, and they can make it hard for students to distinguish and remember important information that is needed to succeed. These five learning disabilities can manifest with varying degrees of severity, and some students may struggle with more than one.
By understanding these disabilities, it is possible to find workable solutions so that every student can succeed in the classroom.Detecting Learning Disabilities.
In this Article Types of Learning Disabilities. There are many different kinds of learning disabilities, and they can affect people differently.
A learning disability is a problem that affects how a person receives and processes information. People with learning disabilities may have trouble with any of the following: Reading Writing Doing. There are several types of learning disabilities in language. Students with language-based learning disabilities may have difficulty with understanding or producing spoken language, or both.
A receptive language disorder is a type of learning disability affecting the ability to understand spoken, and sometimes written, language. Learning disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems.
These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math. They can also interfere with higher level skills such as organization, time planning, abstract reasoning, long .
6 General Types of Disabilities. Please follow and like us: Follow. Physical Disabilities. Learning Disabilities.
This impacts a person’s ability to either interpret what they see and hear, or to link information from different parts of the brain. Learning disability is a classification that includes several areas of functioning in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner, usually caused by an unknown factor or factors.
Given the "difficulty learning in a typical manner", this does not exclude the ability to learn in a different manner. Therefore, some people can be more accurately described as having a "learning.