In general, a fire alarm system is either classified as automatic, manually activated, or both.
My group started from the Swep report engineering department. The activities of civil engineers are concerned with human satisfaction. Highway and Transportation Transportation engineering is concerned with moving people and goods efficiently, safely, and in a manner conducive to a vibrant community.
This involves specifying, designing, constructing, and maintaining transportation infrastructure which includes streets, canals, highways, rail systems, airports, ports, and mass transit.
It includes areas such as transportation design, transportation planning, traffic engineering, some aspects of urban engineering, queuing theory, pavement engineering, Intelligent Transportation System ITSand infrastructure management.
Geodetic Engineering Surveying is the process by which a surveyor measures certain dimensions that generally occur on the surface of the Earth. Surveying equipment, such as levels and theodolites, are used for accurate measurement of angular deviation, horizontal, vertical and slope distances.
With computerisation, electronic distance measurement EDMtotal stations, GPS surveying and laser scanning have supplemented and to a large extent supplanted the traditional optical instruments. This information is crucial to convert the data into a graphical representation of the Earth's surface, in the form of a map.
This information is then used by civil engineers, contractors and even realtors to design from, build on, and trade, respectively. Elements of a building or structure must be correctly sized and positioned in relation to each other and to site boundaries and adjacent structures.
Although surveying is a distinct profession with separate qualifications and licensing arrangements, civil engineers are trained in the basics of surveying and mapping, as well as geographic information systems. Surveyors may also lay out the routes of railways, tramway tracks, highways, roads, pipelines and streets as well as position other infrastructures, such as harbours, before construction Structural Material Structural engineering is concerned with the structural design and structural analysis of buildings, bridges, towers, flyovers Swep reporttunnels, off shore structures like oil and gas fields Swep report the sea, aero structure and other structures.
This involves identifying the loads which act upon a structure and the forces and stresses which arise within that structure due to those loads, and then designing the structure to successfully support and resist those loads.
The loads can be self-weight of the structures, other dead loads, live loads, moving wheel load, wind load, earthquake load, load from temperature change etc. The structural engineer must design structures to be safe for their users and to successfully fulfil this function; they are designed to be serviceable.
Due to the nature of some loading conditions, sub-disciplines within structural engineering have emerged, including wind engineering and earthquake engineering.
Design considerations will include strength, stiffness, and stability of the structure when subjected to loads which may be static, such as furniture or self-weight, or dynamic, such as wind, seismic, crowd or vehicle loads, or transitory, such as temporary construction loads or impact. Other considerations include cost, constructability, safety, aesthetics and sustainability.
Environmental Engineering Environmental engineering is the contemporary term for sanitary engineering, though sanitary engineering traditionally had not included much of the hazardous waste management and environmental remediation work covered by environmental engineering.
Public health engineering and environmental health engineering are other terms being used. Environmental engineering deals with treatment of chemical, biological, or thermal wastes, purification of water and air, and remediation of contaminated sites after waste disposal or accidental contamination.
Among the topics covered by environmental engineering are pollutant transport, water purification, waste water treatment, air pollution, solid waste treatment, and hazardous waste management. Environmental engineers administer pollution reduction, green engineering, and industrial ecology.
Environmental engineers also compile information on environmental consequences of proposed actions. Geotechnical Engineering Geotechnical engineering studies rock and soil, supporting civil engineering systems.
Knowledge from the field of geology, mechanics, materials science, and hydraulics is applied to safely and economically design foundations, retaining walls, and other structures. Environmental efforts to protect groundwater and safely maintain landfills have spawned a new area of research called geo-environmental engineering.
Identification of soil properties presents challenges to geotechnical engineers. Boundary conditions are often well defined in other branches of civil engineering, but unlike steel or concrete, the material properties and behaviour of soil are difficult to predict due to its variability and limitation on investigation.
Furthermore, soil exhibits nonlinear stress- dependent strength, stiffness, and dilatancy volume change associated with application of shear stressmaking studying soil mechanics all the more difficult.
Hydrology and hydrostatics Water resources engineering is concerned with the collection and management of water as a natural resource. As a discipline it therefore combines geology, hydrology, meteorology, conservation, environmental science, and resource management. This area of civil engineering relates to the prediction and management of both the quality and the quantity of water in both underground aquifers and above ground lakes, rivers, and streams resources.
Water resource engineers analyse and model very small to very large areas of the earth to predict the amount and content of water as it flows into, or out of a facility.
Although the actual design of the facility may be left to other engineers. There are different aspects of work in civil engineering 1 wood work 2 concrete work 3 block work 4 plumbing work Wood work Objects made of or work done in wood, especially wooden interior fittings in a house, as mouldings, doors, staircases, or windowsills.
Woods are typically sorted into three basic types: Concrete is usually mixed in definite proportion examples are below in order of decreasing strength.
It is in the proportion of cement sand gravel 1: There are two types of blocks 1 6 inches block which are mm 2 9 inches block which are mm Mixture ratio in cement ratio aggregate in other of decreasing strength 1: The product is made in various sizes and shapes viz.Login is required to access this area.
Username. Password. This report focuses on the developments of the Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger market, including its development status and future trends, along with focus on the top players in the market. This report is exclusive to Researchvector and encompasses in-depth analysis and insights on Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger Market.
Swep Report 1 - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. good. Severe Weather Emergency Protocol (SWEP) Follow Up Report Covering Period – Introduction.
Julian House produced a short report of service users who accessed the day centre and night shelter during the cold weather, when Severe Weather Emergency Protocol (SWEP) was initiated. SWEP is a world-leading supplier of brazed plate heat exchangers for HVAC and industrial applications.
Designed to make the most efficient use of energy, material, and space, the technology is quickly winning ground around the world, with SWEP at the forefront of developments.
a report on students’ work experience programme (swep) undertaken at the university of agriculture, abeokuta. by odumosu taiwo olawale matric number: /5(1).