This module currently runs: The module introduces students to key topics, including global ageing patterns and trends, beliefs and perceptions about ageing and older people in different cultures, major theoretical frameworks on ageing, health and social care provision for older people, social inequalities and economic security in later life.
The work of Chris Argyris has influenced thinking about the relationship of people and organizations, organizational learning and action research. Here we examine some key aspects of his thinking.
Army eventually becoming a Second Lieutenant Elkjaer He graduated with a degree in Psychology As well as making a significant contribution to the literature Chris Argyris was known as a dedicated and committed teacher. Argyris was also a director of the Monitor Company in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Chris Argyris enjoyed the outdoors — and, in particular hiking especially in the mountains of New Hampshire and across New England. He is reported as saying that his best thinking was done while taking long walks which he did daily upto a year before his death.
He died peacefully surrounded by his family, on Saturday, November 16, Boston Globe This research resulted in the books Personality and Organization and Integrating the Individual and the Organization He then shifted his focus to organizational change, in particular exploring the behaviour of senior executives in organizations Interpersonal Competence and Organizational Effectiveness, ; Organization and Innovation, From there he moved onto a particularly fruitful inquiry into the role of the social scientist as both researcher and actor Intervention Theory and Method, ; Inner Contradictions of Rigorous Research, and Action Science, — with Robert Putnam and Diana McLain Smith.
He has also developed this thinking in Overcoming Organizational DefensesKnowledge for Action As well as writing and researching, Chris Argyris has been an influential teacher. This is how Peter Senge As the afternoon moved on, all of us were led to see sometimes for he first time in our lives subtle patterns of reasoning which underlay our behaviour; and how those patterns continually got us into trouble.
I had never had such a dramatic demonstration of own mental models in action… But even more interesting, it became clear that, with proper training, I could become much more aware of my mental models and how they operated.
The ability, demonstrated here, to engage with others, to make links with the general and the particular, and to explore basic orientations and values is just what Argyris talks about when exploring the sorts of behaviours and beliefs that are necessary if organizations are to learn and develop.
This involves the way they plan, implement and review their actions. What is more, fewer people are aware of the maps or theories they do use Argyris, One way of making sense of this is to say that there is split between theory and action.
The notion of a theory of action can be seen as growing out of earlier research by Chris Argyris into the relationships between individuals and organizations Argyris, A theory of action is first a theory: The distinction made between the two contrasting theories of action is between those theories that are implicit in what we do as practitioners and managers, and those on which we call to speak of our actions to others.
The former can be described as theories-in-use. They govern actual behaviour and tend to be tacit structures. The words we use to convey what we, do or what we would like others to think we do, can then be called espoused theory. When someone is asked how he would behave under certain circumstances, the answer he usually gives is his espoused theory of action for that situation.Abstract.
Policy interventions that affect or are mediated through the family typically assume a behavioural response. Policy analyses proceeding from different disciplinary bases may come to quite different conclusions about the effects of policies on families, .
The environmental theory of leadership argues that leaders use psychology and self-awareness to foster self-sustaining environments where group members bring out the best in one another. Chris Argyris: theories of action, double-loop learning and organizational learning.
The work of Chris Argyris () has influenced thinking about the relationship of people and organizations, organizational learning and action research.
organization theory, little critical research has been done to understanding the links between the two concepts and the impact that such an association might have on managerial effectiveness.
In all of the tables in this document, both the pre NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre levels unless specifically stated otherwise.
Table 1: The four levels/modes of processing. Figures 3, 4, and 5 show how within the processing model, cognition depends upon context.
The effectiveness of the contribution of processing activities at each of these levels / modes, depends on the cognitive requirements posed by the specific context.