Along the granite coast of western Brittany Francetwo contrasting coasts exist.
Hire Writer Reating hydraulic profiles for sewage treatment plants. Background During my last 20 years of experience working in the design of wastewater treatment plants, there were no two identical treatment plants.
Each plant has its unique process, site layout and facilities. Consequently, hydraulic profiles are different and each plant was evaluated separately.
The only similarity is the concept and the procedure that was followed in order to prepare the hydraulic profile. The following will provide the engineer with some basics needed to start doing his own hydraulic calculations by using simple excel sheet.
The provided example is easy to follow and the designer may select whatever suites his case and work out his case accordingly. The following information is important to start any hydraulic calculations for sewage treatment plants: Plant Site Layout; This drawing will help identifying the location of the treatment facilities, gravity flow path, dimensions, lengths of pipes and channels.
Process Flow Diagram; This drawing is required to identify the average, minimum, maximum current and future flow rates in each pipe and process unit falling within the gravity scheme.
Piping and Instrument Diagram; this drawing will identify the location, number and sizes of minor losses for valves, tees, fittings, entrance and exit losses. Existing Site Survey; this drawing will help planning the site layout Hydraulic profile of seawage treatment plant identify the location of plant facilities.
Plan and Profile drawings; these drawings are required to identify the invert elevations and slopes of all gravity pipes. Mechanical drawings; some mechanical drawings are required when we need to obtain details not available in civil drawings such as Isometric drawings, piping plan and sections.
Site visits; the engineer shall be familiar with the site conditions especially when the project scope is an expansion for an existing plant.
Hydraulic engineer shall field verify the existing facilities against the as-built drawings and confirm the flow scheme and sometimes need to measure weir lengths and check weir crest elevations using survey tools.
In some cases, as-built drawings do not reflect the actual site conditions. Identify the Gravity Flow Path Mark up the plant site layout and identify the gravity flow path. You may need to mark more than one path depends on the proposed processes and the site layout.
In some cases, you need to run the hydraulic calculation for treated water path separate from the sludge treatment path. To properly manage this task, follow the following steps: Use Yellow mark up to mark the critical gravity flow path for each type of process.
The critical path could be the longest path or the path with higher flow capacities. Mark up all process units falling in this path including all intermediate pumping systems.
Pumping facilities are considered as a brake point for the hydraulic profile. But it is always preferred to show it in the scheme for continuity purposes and better understanding of the system.
Mark up all weirs. Weirs are also considered as brake point for the hydraulic profile. An example is the secondary clarifier perimeter v-notch weir.
Start numbering all head loss elements such as pipes, weirs, gravity flow measurement channels and all components on the gravity flow path the will create hydraulic head losses.
The numbering shall start from the end point back to the start point. For example, from the final treated effluent to the head works. There is no specific numbering system and it is left to the designer to decide the convenient way. Study the process flow diagram and carefully transfer the flow data information to the head loss elements marked on the site layout.
Engineer shall consider current and future peak flow rates. Sometimes, average flow rates are included for knowledge purposes.
Low flow rates are not critical in hydraulic calculations since it may drop to Zero. Flow Rate Summary Table After marking the site layout as explained in step B above, the engineer can summarize the components in a simple table as indicated in the example below.
This table will be used as the master information that will be linked to all other sheets. It will simplify reviewing the data and modifying it as needed.
Create the Hydraulic Profile Scheme From the marked up site layout, the engineer can transfer the plan into an elevation scheme as shown in example The rows in excel sheet can be adjusted so that the row height of 50 pixels will represent one meter of elevation.
This technique will simplify representing the levels in a very accurate way. To utilize this feature, Draw a line and then use the up and down arrow key to adjust the location to the level required by counting the pixels.The Mercer International, Inc.
Compliance Master™ oil/water/solids separator, is a high-performance, gravity-displacement separator system designed to provide the highest efficiency attainable in an "enhanced-gravity" coalescer plate separator.
Free essys, homework help, flashcards, research papers, book report, term papers, history, science, politics. This course is designed to provide an understanding on the application of hydraulic concepts in sewage treatment plants Topics include principles of Hydraulic of Unit Processes and Hydraulic Profile.
from preparing the plant for operation from dead ship condition. 4) Never underestimate the fire hazard of petroleum products. When text concerning an illustration covers several pages. details should be sent to HHI so that revisions may be made to manuals of other ships of the same class.
Designers of water treatment plants and wastewater treatment plants are faced with the need to design treatment processes which must meet the following general . As well as variations in the beach profile discussed above, beaches often vary alongshore, but unlike beach profiles, which are determined by on- and offshore wave currents, alongshore variation is influenced by alongshore currents, commonly referred to as longshore drift (Fig.