Is what is true of the past necessary?
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Portraits of the Divine in Early Christianity Minneapolis: Fortress Press, Pp. Visuality has become a pronounced theme in recent years and in a variety of scholarly disciplines, focusing on such issues as the nature of seeing and being seen, representation, the visual character of texts, and the uses of visual evidence.
Robin Jensen made her mark with her Early Christian Art Routledge, and makes Face of divine article summary important contribution in this book. Jensen examines the issues and questions surrounding images in earliest Christianity, especially in the centuries just prior to the Iconoclast Controversy, asserting that the seeds of what would later become the orthodox defense of icons existed virtually from the inception of distinct Christian material culture, where visual images were used and appreciated.
Immediately, however, a problem looms: This question constitutes the unifying theme of the work Beginning with the first identifiable Christian art in the Roman catacombs c. Declaiming against the still sometimes asserted myth of primitive Christian aniconism, Jensen surveys the "idolatry problem" in second- and third-century texts and identifies the issue as connected to portraiture, not to figurative art in general.
The portrait specifically was the locus of confusion between image and archetype, leaving it open to idolatrous insinuations.
Only when these issues and problems receded with the decline of paganism, and new theological needs and issues arose within the church, did the "holy portrait" come onto the historical scene. This result was hardly inevitable. Chapters 2 and 3 present an excellent survey of the debate on the superiority of the visual or verbal portrait in classical antiquity, the forms and uses of Roman portraiture, and the doctrine of God's invisibility and ineffability in pagan, Jewish, and Christian literature.
Jensen concludes that Christianity distinctively comes to hold a spiritual "salvific vision" of God as the summit of religion—a non-physical seeing "face to face.
To cite an example, whereas earlier Origen insisted that both the vision of God face to face and the image and likeness were spiritual, Athanasius believed in the redeemability of the flesh and the importance of the senses. In addition, both he [End Page ] and Basil used the imperial icon as a model of the divine unity of separate persons.
As the threat of idolatry lessened, visual images and metaphors could be deployed to explain the nature of the Trinity and its interrelations. Jensen then surveys visual portrayals of God and the Trinity in this same period and discovers that anthropomorphic images of the Father evaporate at the end of the fourth century while portraits of Christ and the saints come to the fore.
Though God remains invisible and ineffable, Christ and the saints have actual bodily form which can legitimately be depicted, thereby providing theological relief to the fear of idolatry.
Chapters 5 and 6 then focus on images of Christ and the saints, employing the same parallel treatment of texts and images employed so skillfully and successfully throughout the book.
Jensen sees portraits of Christ playing a creative and dynamic role in the Christological controversies of the period as an intellectual and cultural force in their own right, not some mere "Bible for the unlettered.
Throughout the book, Jensen offers a conspectus of nearly allThe Art and Paintings in India and Their Gods in Tom O'Neill's Faces of Divine.
Poem Summary Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List He sees a sun-drenched mountain in the distance, and he tries to climb it, but three beasts, a leopard, a lion, and a she-wolf, stand in his way. No matter your spiritual beliefs, you can access each divine face and gain empowerment from this guide's exploration of powerful, sacred women, including Mary Magdalene, Lilith, the Black Madonna, and Teresa of Avila.
Praise: "This may well be the best book written on the Divine Feminine. Faith Divine Articles, Chennai, India.
1, likes · 3 were here. We are Manufacturer, Importer and exporter of Christian articles dealing with Quality 5/5(16). As he remarks, “The dimension of the divine opens forth from the human face. This article will highlight the importance of Levinas’s thought within the current postmodern discussion on God and religion.
It will begin with a brief discussion of what Heidegger calls “ontotheology” in order to understand what it is Levinas takes issue. Welcome to the home of The Face of Mercy documentary, telling the story of Christ's Mercy and the impact that this has in the world and lives of many.