Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating.
Severity of Abuse V. Persistent or Repeat Abuse VI. Exposure to Domestic Violence IX.
Risk and Protective Factors for Juvenile Delinquency: Conclusion Definitions One common discrepancy found throughout the literature in this area is the lack of consistent definitions among terms. Child abuse, juvenile delinquency, and domestic violence are described and labeled differently within research studies, resources on the Internet, and searches throughout university libraries.
Oftentimes domestic violence is termed family violence, spousal abuse, or intimate partner violence, whereas child maltreatment may be defined and categorized into specific forms of abuse.
This may include burning, hitting, punching, shaking, kicking, beating, or otherwise harming a child. This can include parents or caretakers using extreme or bizarre forms of punishment or threatening or terrorizing a child.
Neglect can be physical, educational, or emotional. Physical neglect can include not providing adequate food or clothing, appropriate medical care, supervision, or proper weather protection i. Educational neglect includes failure to provide appropriate schooling or special educational Abuse and delinquency, or allowing excessive truancies.
Finally, a juvenile delinquent is a minor who commits one or more froms of antisocial behavior. Most state codes define juvenile delinquency as behavior that is in violation of the criminal code and is committed by a youth who has not reached adult age Roberts Fifty-two percent of the victims were female, 55 percent were white, 28 percent were black, 12 percent were Hispanic, and 5 percent were other races.
Nineteen percent of victims were age two or younger, 52 percent were age seven or younger, and 7 percent were age sixteen or older.
The vast majority 80 percent of perpetrators were parents of the victims. An estimated 1, children died as the result of maltreatment and approximately 16 percent of victims in substantiated or indicated cases were removed from their homes.
The most common form of child abuse is neglect, followed by physical, and then sexual abuse Snyder and Sickmund A growing body of knowledge suggests that child abuse is a causal contributor to many emotional and behavioral problems, including juvenile delinquency Lemmon The long-standing effect of child abuse in juveniles has been well documented, and previous studies suggest a pattern of abuse and neglect as a precursor to later offending behavior in both adolescents and adults Crittenden and Ainsworth ; Smith and Thornberry ; Widom Studies have found that abused youth are referred to the juvenile justice system more often than their non-abused and non-neglected counterparts and are also significantly younger at the time of initial referral Lemmon In addition, abused youth are more often persistent and violent offenders as compared with non-abused youth, who are more likely infrequent, low-risk offenders Lemmon Boswell found that 72 percent of violent youth residing within the juvenile justice system had experienced emotional, physical, sexual, or ritual-type abuse, with 27 percent having been subjected to two or more types.
Child abuse does help shed light on why some juveniles engage in delinquency. However, not all children who are abused go on to engage in juvenile delinquency, and not all juvenile delinquents have histories of child abuse.
This information suggests that child abuse by itself is not a cause of juvenile delinquency. Rather, a more complex explanation is required. Data support the conclusion that there are many common pathways, not just one specific variable, which may lead a youth toward delinquent behavior.
These factors are termed risk factors; the more risk factors the youth or family has, the higher the likelihood of the youth engaging in delinquency. These risk factors are interrelated. For instance, the availability of drugs and firearms is related to high levels of community disorganization; poor parenting skills open up the opportunity for the youth to associate with delinquent peers.The Effects of Child Abuse on Juvenile Delinquency Tyshenia Gavin Virginia State University Dr.
Hodgson Abstract This literature review explores existing literature and scholarship that outlines the effects of early child abuse ( years old) on future acts of delinquency. Does Child Abuse Cause Crime? "Child maltreatment roughly doubles the probability that an individual engages in many types of crime.
This is true even if we compare twins, one of whom was maltreated when the other one was not." Child maltreatment, which includes both child abuse and child neglect, is a major social problem.
According to the U.S. 6) Delinquency is an increasing issue in South Carolina, and there is much speculation that delinquency is increasing due to early or current experiences with abuse.
According to rutadeltambor.com, abuse is defined as misusing or mistreating someone in such a way that shows no concern for the worth of that person (Patricelli, ).
Delinquency is considered a serious issue, with several different theories relating to its cause. Some theorists suggest that delinquency is the result of psychological health. Particular behavior or mood disorders may be associated with the involvement in delinquent activities, including substance abuse.
• Drug or Alcohol Abuse. When there is substance abuse in the home, in the friend or family circle, or the child is abusing drugs or alcohol, criminal acts become more common.
Having a substance abuse problem often requires having to find ways to support that habit. Abuse, Neglect, Delinquency, Mental Health.
Wedgwood offers secure residential treatment for male and female youth between the ages of 8 and 17 who have experienced abuse and/or neglect, who are in the juvenile delinquency system, or who have significant mental health concerns.