Because the South at the time wanted to expand slavery and many people believed in manifest destiny, which meant that they wanted to expand "from sea to shining sea". Why did southerners support the annexation of Texas?
United States Consent refused by the U. Senate Senate JournalJune 8,volumepp. The Tyler-Texas treaty, signed on April 12,was framed to induct Texas into the Union as a territory, following constitutional protocols. The boundaries of the Texas territory were left unspecified. Secretary of War William Wilkins praised the terms of annexation publicly, touting the economic and geostrategic benefits with relation to Great Britain.
Refusing to transfer contingency funds for the naval mobilization, he resigned. He included the Packenham Letter with the Tyler bill, intending to create a sense of crisis in Southern Democrats. Polk of Tennessee President Tyler expected that his treaty would be debated secretly in Senate executive session.
The nature of the Tyler-Texas negotiations caused a national outcry, in that "the documents appeared to verify that the sole objective of Texas annexation was the preservation of slavery.
Polk unified his party under the banner of Texas and Oregon acquisition. But in fact, when the Senate voted on the measure on June 8,fully two-thirds voted against the treaty 16— Whigs had opposed it almost unanimously 1—27while Democrats split, but voted overwhelmingly in favor 15—8.
Congress adjourned before debating the matter. Senate was considering a Joint Resolution for the Annexation of Texas that had been adopted by the House of Representatives. The same Senate that had rejected the Tyler—Calhoun treaty by a margin of 2: On the other hand, Manifest Destiny enthusiasm in the north placed politicians under pressure to admit Texas immediately to the Union.
Moreover, if the Republic of Texas, a nation in its own right, were admitted as a state, its territorial boundaries, property relations including slave propertydebts and public lands would require a Senate-ratified treaty.
In the southern states of Tennessee and Georgia, Whig strongholds in the general election, voter support dropped precipitously over the pro-annexation excitement in the Deep South—and Clay lost every Deep South state to Polk.
Furthermore, the Brown amendment would delegate to the U. The issue was a critical one, as the size of Texas would be immensely increased if the international border were set at the Rio Grande River, with its headwaters in the Rocky Mountains, rather than the traditionally recognized boundary at the Nueces River, miles to the north.
Eight of eighteen Southern Whigs cast their votes in favor.
Northern Whigs unanimously rejected it. Benton Senate compromise[ edit ] Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri By early Februarywhen the Senate began to debate the Brown-amended Tyler treaty, its passage seemed unlikely, as support was "perishing".
The fact that Senator Foster had drafted the House amendment under consideration improved prospects of Senate passage.APUSH Chapter 17 (The American Pageant) study guide by fatimarahman includes 28 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
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For more information, please see the full notice. The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, – The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, During his tenure, U.S.
President James K. Polk oversaw the greatest territorial expansion of the United States to date. The annexation of Texas to the United States became a topic of political and diplomatic discussion after the Louisiana Purchase in and became a matter of international concern between and , when Texas was a republic.
Get instant insider access to exclusive Texas history content and a free Texas Almanac. The Texas Annexation was the annexation of the Republic of Texas into the United States of America, History of Texas; and Tyler, assured by Polk's envoys that as President he would effect Texas annexation, urged his supporters to vote Democratic.
The most dramatic event in the history of relations between Mexico and the United States took place a century and a half ago. U.S. historians refer to this event as "The Mexican War," while in.